Asthma is a type of long-term or chronic disease of the respiratory tract which is characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways which causes tightness or difficulty breathing. In addition to breathing difficulties, people with asthma can also experience other symptoms such as chest pain, coughing and wheezing. Asthma can be suffered by all age groups, whether young or old.
Although the exact cause of asthma is not known clearly, but there are some things that often trigger it, such as cigarette smoke, dust, animal hair, physical activity, cold air, viral infection, or even exposure to chemicals.
Diagnosis of asthma
For someone who has asthma, the respiratory tract is more sensitive than other people who do not live with this condition. When the lungs are irritated by the trigger above, the respiratory tract muscles of asthmatics will become stiff and make the channel narrow. In addition, there will be an increase in sputum production which makes breathing more difficult.
To find out whether a patient has asthma, the doctor needs to do a number of tests. But before the test is carried out, the doctor will usually ask the patient questions about what symptoms are felt, the time of appearance of the symptoms, and the medical history of the patient and his family.
If all the information given to the patient leads to asthma, then the doctor can do a test to strengthen the diagnosis, for example:
- Expiration Peak Flow Test (APE)
- Bronchial Provocation Test
- Allergic Status Measurement
- CT scan